FACT SHEET: Implementation of the Australia – United Kingdom – United States Partnership (AUKUS)

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Today, Prime Minister Scott Morrison of Australia, Prime Minister Boris Johnson of the United Kingdom, and President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. of the United States reviewed progress in implementing the Australia – United Kingdom – United States (AUKUS) partnership. The leaders reaffirmed their dedication to a free and open Indo-Pacific, and extra broadly to a world system that respects human rights, the rule of legislation, and the peaceable decision of disputes free from coercion – a dedication whose significance has solely grown in response to Russia’s unprovoked, unjustified, and illegal invasion of Ukraine.

Implementation of the AUKUS partnership has now begun. It has two associated traces of effort.

  • Submarines. AUKUS will present Australia with a conventionally armed, nuclear powered submarine functionality on the earliest doable date, whereas upholding the best non‑proliferation requirements.
  • Advanced capabilities. AUKUS will develop and supply joint superior army capabilities to advertise safety and stability within the Indo-Pacific area.

Senior-Level Meetings

Since AUKUS was introduced on September 15, 2021, the three international locations have held a number of high-level conferences.

  • Senior Officials Group. On March 10, 2022, National Security Advisors from the three allies met just about to assessment AUKUS progress and supply path to the trilateral partnership going ahead. 
  • Joint Steering Groups. The three international locations have held a number of Joint Steering Group conferences for every of the 2 AUKUS traces of effort, together with in-person classes in Canberra, London, and Washington, D.C. 
  • Working Groups. Seventeen trilateral working teams have been established (9 regarding conventionally-armed nuclear-powered submarines, and eight regarding different superior army capabilities); every has met a number of instances.

Australia’s Future Conventionally-Armed Nuclear-Powered Submarine Capability

When AUKUS was introduced in September 2021, Prime Minister Morrison, Prime Minister Johnson, and President Joe Biden agreed to find out, by March 2023, the optimum pathway for an Australian conventionally-armed, nuclear-powered submarine functionality. AUKUS companions have taken necessary steps towards implementation.

  • Information change. The Exchange of Naval Nuclear Propulsion Information Agreement (ENNPIA) entered into pressure on February 8, 2022, enabling AUKUS companions to share naval nuclear propulsion info trilaterally. 
  • Nuclear stewardship. For a number of weeks in February, mixed groups from Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States visited a number of websites in Australia to baseline its nuclear stewardship, infrastructure, workforce, and industrial capabilities and necessities. On February 28, findings had been thought-about by the Joint Steering Group on submarines. The Joint Steering Group will use this info because it develops the optimum pathway for Australia to accumulate nuclear-powered submarines. 
  • Australia workforce. Initial steps are underway to make sure Australia has a workforce with the required abilities, coaching, and {qualifications} to construct, function, and maintain a conventionally-armed nuclear-powered submarine functionality. For instance, a cohort of Australian personnel have commenced higher-education and coaching alternatives in nuclear science and engineering. 
  • New submarine base. Prime Minister Morrison introduced, on March 7, Australia’s plan to determine a future submarine base on the east coast of Australia to assist the basing and disposition of future nuclear-powered submarines. This new facility will function at the side of Australia’s present submarine base in Western Australia.
  • Nuclear Powered Submarine Construction Yard: The Australian Government is taking preliminary steps to safe further land on which to construct the Nuclear-Powered Submarine Construction Yard, together with land adjoining to the prevailing Osborne North Shipyard in South Australia. 
  • Non-proliferation. Since the announcement of AUKUS, our nations have been partaking proactively with the International Atomic Energy Agency on the non-proliferation points of our partnership.  Following the initiation of technical consultations with the IAEA, IAEA Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi reported to the IAEA Board of Governors on March 7 that Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States “are committed to ensuring the highest non-proliferation and safeguards standards are met.” 

Advanced Capabilities

AUKUS companions have made robust progress within the 4 superior capabilities that the President and Prime Ministers recognized in September 2021, and have just lately initiated work in 4 further areas. As we mature trilateral traces of effort inside these and different crucial protection and safety capabilities, we’ll search to interact allies and shut partnersas applicable. 

  • Undersea capabilities. Through the AUKUS Undersea Robotics Autonomous Systems (AURAS) venture, our nations are collaborating on autonomous underwater autos, which can be a major pressure multiplier for our maritime forces. Initial trials and experimentation of this functionality are deliberate for 2023.  
  • Quantum applied sciences. The AUKUS Quantum Arrangement (AQuA) will speed up investments to ship generation-after-next quantum capabilities.  It may have an preliminary give attention to quantum applied sciences for positioning, navigation, and timing.  Together, we’ll combine rising quantum applied sciences in trials and experimentation over the subsequent three years.  
  • Artificial intelligence and autonomy. Trilateral cooperation on synthetic intelligence (AI) and autonomy will present crucial enablers for future pressure capabilities, bettering the pace and precision of decision-making processes to keep up a functionality edge and defend in opposition to AI-enabled threats. Early work is targeted on accelerating adoption, and bettering the resilience of, autonomous and AI-enabled programs in contested environments.  
  • Advanced Cyber. In mild of the significance of the cyber area to superior capabilities, we’re focusing our efforts on strengthening cyber capabilities, together with defending crucial communications and operations programs.  
  • Hypersonic and counter-hypersonic capabilities. The AUKUS companions will work collectively to speed up growth of superior hypersonic and counter-hypersonic capabilities.
  • Electronic warfare.  The electromagnetic spectrum is more and more contested.  The three international locations will work collectively to share understanding of instruments, methods, and know-how to allow our forces to function in contested and degraded environments.  
  • Innovation. Our work on innovation goals to speed up our respective protection innovation enterprises and be taught from each other, together with methods to extra quickly combine business applied sciences to resolve warfighting wants.
  • Information sharing. We will develop and speed up sharing of delicate info, together with as a primary precedence enabling workstreams that underpin our work on agreed areas of superior capabilities.

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