Over half the world’s threatened species require targeted conservation efforts to prevent their extinction

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The findings also showed that conservation efforts need to not only be focussed within highly diverse ecosystems, such as tropical rainforests, or across the great wildernesses such as the tundra. Nearly every country in the world is home to one of the species requiring targeted actions – and on average each country contains 54 species – emphasising the global effort needed to halt the current biodiversity crisis.

While the findings show the extent of conservation efforts needed to curb the rate of species loss, there are causes for optimism. “Now, we can identify the species that need such action, and we can monitor what is being done and what the impact of action is on those threatened species”, said Professor Phillip McGowan, another of the lead researchers. There are also many examples where these targeted actions have led to impressive recoveries for species on the brink of extinction.

Take for instance the Rarotonga Monarch, a flycatcher endemic to the remote Cook Islands in the Pacific. As recently as 1989, invasive alien Black Rats had driven the species’ population to as low as 29 birds. However, through removing rats in the forests to which the species is restricted, as well as moving some birds to form a new population on a nearby island, the species has recovered remarkably and has been downlisted to Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Another example is the artificial nest box programme run by Asociacion Armonia (BirdLife in Bolivia)to support the Critically Endangered Blue-throated Macaw.  Over the last 15 years, this has helped over 100 chicks to fledge – close to one-quarter of the species’ global population – helping the population to steadily rise.

A particularly ambitious example of these targeted efforts comes from just a few months ago when an initial eight captive-bred Spix’s Macaws were released into their native Caatinga forests in Brazil, 20 years after the last wild individual had disappeared. While this project is still in its infancy, and there’s a long way to go until Spix’s Macaw can once again be considered established in the wild, it offers a glimpse at the extraordinary efforts that are needed, yet can be achieved, to turn the tide the current wave of extinctions.

While the challenges we face are no doubt significant, these examples prove that through dedicated conservation efforts, extraordinary success stories are possible.  It is now imperative that the world’s governments commit to making these changes happen, and that these commitments are fully implemented.


This page was created programmatically, to read the article in its original location you can go to the link bellow:
https://www.birdlife.org/news/2022/08/05/over-half-the-worlds-threatened-species-require-targeted-conservation-efforts-to-prevent-their-extinction/
and if you want to remove this article from our site please contact us

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